México 2010 / English version

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Home BIOGRAPHIES Revolution
Revolution

 

M
exico was convulsed by a series of battles and revolts between 1910 y 1920, a period known as the Mexican Revolution, the goal of which was to transform the social, cultural and political system established and maintained by Porfirio Díaz for 30 years. Various political and military leaders played important roles in the Revolution; we have included the biographies of some of them here.

ÁLVARO OBREGÓN

ÁLVARO OBREGÓN

President of Mexico from 1920 to 1924, Álvaro Obregón is born on the Siquisiva Hacienda in Navojoa, Sonora. After elementary school, he works in a flour mill and a sugar refinery in Navolato, Sinaloa. He is a school teacher for a short time but then devotes himself to his farm “La Quinta Chilla.”

AQUILES SERDÁN

AQUILES SERDÁN

Born in Puebla, Puebla, in 1909 he joined Francisco Ignacio Madero’s Anti-Reelectionist Party and was a tireless propagandist for the party, founding a clandestine newspaper and an anti-reelectionist club. After the 1910 elections, he fled to the United States. Later, Madero gave him the task of organizing the rebellion in the state of Puebla.


BELISARIO DOMÍNGUEZ

BELISARIO DOMÍNGUEZ

Born in Comitán, Chiapas, Belisario Domínguez finishes his basic education there and enters the Institute for Science and Arts in San Cristóbal de Las Casas; he continues his studies in Europe, receiving the title of surgeon.

CARMEN SERDÁN

CARMEN SERDÁN

Sister of Aquiles Serdán, she was born in Puebla, Puebla. She worked enthusiastically with her brother in Francisco Ignacio Madero’s Anti-Reelectionist movement.

EMILIANO ZAPATA

EMILIANO ZAPATA

Symbol of the agrarian movement, Emiliano Zapata is born to Gabriel Zapata and Cleofas Salazar in Anenecuilco in the state of Morelos. A peasant from birth, he is aware of the problems they face.

FELIPE ÁNGELES

FELIPE ÁNGELES

Born in Zacualtipán in the state of Hidalgo, Felipe Ángeles enters the Military College at the age of 14. He is an exceptional student and specializes in artillery. He stays on as a teacher and director, and is considered one of the most distinguished technicians that the Mexican Army has ever had.

FRANCISCO I. MADERO

FRANCISCO I. MADERO

Francisco Ignacio Madero is president of Mexico from 1911 to 1913. He is born on Hacienda de El Rosario in Parras de la Fuente in the state of Coahuila to a wealthy agricultural family. He studies business administration, first in Baltimore in the United States, then at the Lycée de Versailles in France. He travels throughout Europe and then enters San Francisco University in California.


FRANCISCO VILLA

FRANCISCO VILLA

Francisco Villa is born as Doroteo Arango on the Río Grande Hacienda in Durango to Agustín Arango and Micaela Quiñones Arámbula. As a child, he works in the fields and becomes an excellent horseman. Left an orphan as a teenager, he works the lands of an hacienda. When his sister is attacked by one of the hacienda owners, he defends her honor and then is forced to flee to avoid a biased judgment against him. At that point, he takes the alias with which he will become famous. He becomes known as Pancho Villa not only in Mexico, but around the world.


JOSÉ MARÍA PINO SUÁREZ

JOSÉ MARÍA PINO SUÁREZ

José María Pino Suárez was born in Tenosique, Tabasco. After graduating as a lawyer, he moved to Yucatán to practice his profession there. He was editor of the newspaper El Peninsular and published two volumes of poems: Melancolías (1896) and Procelarias (1908). In 1904, he wrote the prologue to Memorias de un alférez by Eligio Ancona.

LÁZARO CÁRDENAS

LÁZARO CÁRDENAS

Born in Jiquilpan, Michoacán, to Dámaso Cárdenas and Felícitas del Río, Lázaro Cárdenas comes from a middle-class background but the early death of his father forces him to work after finishing elementary school.

PASCUAL OROZCO

PASCUAL OROZCO

This leader of the Revolution was born on the Santa Isabel hacienda in Chihuahua. After completing his basic education, he helped his father with his business. Later, he transported silver in caravans from the mines to the furnaces to be melted down or to the border.

PLUTARCO ELÍAS CALLES

PLUTARCO ELÍAS CALLES

President of Mexico from 1924 to 1928; called the “Maximum Chief of the Revolution.” Born in Guaymas, Sonora, he is the son of Plutarco Elías and Jesusa Campuzano. His father dies when he is four years old and he takes the last name of his step-father, Juan B. Calles. Plutarco studies elementary school in Hermosillo and in 1894, begins work as a teacher. He marries Francisca Bernal, and when he becomes a widow, he marries Natalia Chacón.

PORFIRIO DÍAZ

PORFIRIO DÍAZ

President of Mexico. He is born in Oaxaca where he studies grade school, enters the seminary and begins his law studies at the Institute of Science and Arts.

RICARDO FLORES MAGÓN

RICARDO FLORES MAGÓN

A politician, journalist and playwright born in San Antonio Eloxochitlán, Oaxaca, Ricardo Flores Magón is born into a poor family. He receives his basic education in Mexico City, enters the National Preparatory School and in 1893 starts law studies at the School of Jurisprudence, but does not graduate. That same year, he begins as a journalist at El Demócrata, a newspaper of the opposition. In 1900, he and his brother Jesús found the newspaper Regeneración, whose campaign against Díaz’ government leads to Ricardo’s incarceration.

VENUSTIANO CARRANZA

VENUSTIANO CARRANZ

Born in Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, to Colonel Jesús Carranza and María de Jesús Garza and educated at the Fuente Athenaeum in Saltillo and the Mexico City Preparatory School, Venustiano Carranza becomes the president of Mexico in 1917.

VICTORIANO HUERTA

VICTORIANO HUERTA

Born in Colotlán, Jalisco, Victoriano Huerta enters the Military College and distinguishes himself in mathematics and astronomy. In 1910, he fights against Zapata’s followers in the state of Morelos. The following year, after Porfirio Díaz’ resignation, he escorts him to Veracruz.

 

 

 

1 REVOLUTION / VICTORIANO HUERTA
2 REVOLUTION / VENUSTIANO CARRANZA
3 REVOLUTION / PORFIRIO DÍAZ
4 REVOLUTION / PLUTARCO ELÍAS CALLES
5 REVOLUTION / PASCUAL OROZCO
6 REVOLUTION / LÁZARO CÁRDENAS
7 REVOLUTION / FELIPE ÁNGELES (1869-1919)
8 REVOLUTION / BELISARIO DOMÍNGUEZ
9 REVOLUTION / ÁLVARO OBREGÓN
10 REVOLUTION / FRANCISCO VILLA
11 REVOLUTION / EMILIANO ZAPATA
12 REVOLUTION / FRANCISCO I. MADERO
13 REVOLUTION / RICARDO FLORES MAGÓN
14 REVOLUTION / JOSÉ MARÍA PINO SUÁREZ
15 REVOLUTION / CARMEN SERDÁN
16 REVOLUTION / AQUILES SERDÁN
 


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