México 2010 / English version

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GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT MEXICO

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Basic Data

Mexico / Interactive map
Mexico / Interactive map
Mexico / Visit this interactive map / INEGI Mexico / Plan your route: time, rates & distances / SCT

 

 

Official Name
- United Mexican States
Area and Borders
- Land area: 1 964 375 km2
- Continental area: 1 959 248 km2
- Total area of islands: 5 127 km2
- International land boundaries: 4 301 km United States: 3 152 km2
- Guatemala: 956 km2
- Belize: 193 km2
- Longitude of the coastline: 11 122 km2
Location of México in the world:
The geographic coordinates of Mexico are:
- North: 32° 43’ 06” N latitude Monument 206 on the border with the United States (3 152.90 km).
- South: 14° 32’ 27” N latitude, mouth of the Suciate River, border with Guatemala (1 149.8 km).
- East: 86° 42’ 36” W longitude, southeast tip of Isla Mujeres, Quintana Roo.
- West: 118° 27’ 24” W longitude, Roca Elefante on Isla de Guadalupe, in the Pacific Ocean.
Political Divisions
- 31 States and one Federal District (Capital: México, Distrito Federal).
- Municipalities: 2 454
Climate Zones
- Total: 100%
- Tropical: 4.7%
- Subtropical: 23.0%
- Humid Temperate: 2.7%
- Subhumid Temperate: 20.5%
- Semi-Arid: 28.3%
- Arid: 20.8%
- Current weather forecast
Official Time
- In the south, east and center, GMT-6 horas (winter), -5 (summer); Sonora, Sinaloa, Nayarit, Baja California Sur -7 (winter), -6 (summer); Baja California -8 (winter), -7 (summer).
- Exact time (central time)
Population
- Total population (2005): 103 263 388
- Male: 50 249 955 Female: 53 013 433
- Average Annual Population Growth Rate (2000-2005): 1.0%
- Urban population (2000): 74.6%
- Population Density (2006): 54.9 Inhab/ km2
Life expectancy at birth
- 68.5, male; 74.7, female
Ethnic groups
- 60% Mestizo; 30% Amerindian; 9% White; 1% other
Languages
- Spanish (official), 66 regional indigenous languages.
- Population over 5 years of age that speaks an indigenous language and cannot speak Spanish: 12.0% (2005)
Religion
- 89.7% Catholic; 4.9% Protestant; 0.1% Jewish; 2.1% Other; 3.2% No religion
Employment
- Economically Active Population (EAP), 4th quarter 2005: 58.3%
- Open Unemployment Rate (32 urban areas), 2005: 3.1% (EAP)
- Minimum Daily Wage, general (January 1, 2006 to date): 47.05 pesos
National holidays
- September 16: Independence Day; November 20: Mexican Revolution anniversary
Natural Resources
- Oil, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, wood products
Currency
- Peso (M$); 1 peso=100 cents
Economic Information
- GNP at market prices (2005): 8 374 348.5 million pesos
- GNP per capita (2005): 78,668.1 pesos per inhabitant
- Real annual GNP growth rate (2005): 3.0%
Exports
- United States (89%); Canada (1.7%); Japan, Spain, Venezuela, Chile, Brazil (2%).
Imports
- United States (74.8%); Germany (3.8%); Japan (3.5%); Canada, Italy, Korea, France (6.2%) etc.

Source: México de un vistazo (Mexico at a glance): 2005 (INEGI)
 


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